Dental implants are artificial tooth roots that offer dental restoration to patients that have lost their teeth. After insertion, a dental implant fuses onto your jaw bone and creates an anchor for the artificial tooth placement. An oral surgeon or a restorative dentist performs dental implant insertion procedures. At San Ramon Dental Excellence, specialists, including Dr. Divian Patel, are passionate about offering successful implant integration into the jaw bone.
Requirements for dental implant material
1. Should be orally stable and should not be easily eroded
Your dentist should consider the material’s physical properties and ensure that it does not threaten your oral environment. It is essential to understand the implant’s surface configuration to predict its potential to cause inflammation in the soft tissue. The implant should fit passively in your mouth and should not stimulate any rejection response. Furthermore, your dentist should be careful to choose a dental implant that will fit perfectly in your tooth and not cause any dislocation or misalignment of surrounding teeth. Your implant should preserve the natural functioning of your oral structures. Some of the material properties your dentist should evaluate include elastic response to stress and metallurgy.
2. Should be esthetic
Your dentist should recommend a visually realistic implant. Your dentist should consider the dental implants’ optical properties for patients with thin gingiva and choose a color that will easily camouflage. Therefore, the implant material should be esthetically compatible with surrounding oral structures and the overall smile appearance.
3. Should be biocompatible
The surface material biocompatibility of your dental implant is an essential factor for your dentist to consider. Your dental implant material should allow chemical bonding, proper ion exchange, and new bone formation. The material should also be biotolerant and therefore not quickly rejected by the body tissues after insertion.
Types of dental implants
Your dentist will choose a dental implant depending on your diagnostic results and developed treatment plan. Some of the types of dental implants include:
Endosteal implants are also known as endosseous implants. Your dentist will insert endosteal implants into any part of the mouth and lock them onto the bone, where they stimulate fixation in the endocortex. This type of dental implant consists of a blade, screw, pin, and vent.
Subperiosteal implants are usually custom made and consist of frames that lie on the bone. This type of implant consists of protruding posts that provide additional anchorage for the final bridgework or dentures.
For patients with the limited bone structure, a metal frame with multiple posts known as a subperiosteal bone graft is inserted on the remaining tissue to create additional height to the jawbone to secure the dental implant.
Your dentist will insert intramucosal implants into the oral mucosa. These metal inserts are ideal for patients that do not wish to wear a removable prosthesis. Intramucosal implants work by creating mechanical locks in the gum receptor site.
It is essential to be knowledgeable concerning dental implant complications and management. Contact the San Ramon Dental Excellence team to learn more about dental implants and book your appointment online today.